Fink (2003) suggests learning how to learn comprises three types of activities. First, learning how to be a learner by becoming more competent at the activities such as reading, listening, questioning, and writing that are necessary for success in classrooms. Second, learning how to construct knowledge. This work is facilitated in the conceptual and thematic aspects of integrated curriculum as well as the experience with creative, critical, and practical thinking necessary for solving problems. Third, becoming a self-directed learner. This requires developing interests to motivate learning, metacognitive abilities to determine gaps in knowledge, and cognitive competencies (which are both the ability to fill in gaps in one’s knowledge and the believe one can fill in those gaps).
Fink, L. D. (2003). Creating significant learning experiences: An integrated approach to designing college courses (1st ed). Jossey-Bass.