The schools I attended (and that my children attended and that I still see) appear to be grounded int he assumption that learning is about information. “If students have the information,” it is reasoned, “they will now it and be able to use it.” Further, it is assumed that performance on tests and other assignments, especially those designed specifically to “align with the standards” (whatever that might mean) accurately predicts students’ ability to know and do later.
There is just some much that is inaccurate with that view.
To start, learning and the demonstration of learning depends on intention (what is the learner trying to accomplish?) and action (what are they capable of doing?) and reflection (what sense do they make of their actions?)